Its 1:30 pm in Hong Kong now

After 14 hours in air, we arrived in Hong Kong airport. Time in Cathay Pacific airlines was good. We enjoyed the trip. In the beginning it was difficult because I was tired and wanted to sleep. It was not easy to sleep. Deepak was next to me in the same row of seat number 55. We tried to watch some movies, they were good but couldn't watch coz of the sleepiness. Service of the airline was good. And the food was also good.

I had planned to write one blog from Los Angeles airport (LAX) but there was no internet service available (at least in the where we were waiting for our flight). And the place where we waited to board Cathay was very bad, ugly.

This is my first time in the land of HK. The airport is nice. There are people from different places of the world. So all look like international. Many of them don't understand English. Here is a special area in the airport where free internet is available. There was another problem. The power plog was too big that it didn't fit my laptops power cord. So finally I solved it by borrowing a connector from the airport officials by showing my boarding pass. Now I am enjoying my time here.

Mr Giri writing this blog from Hong Kong airport

I see small hills outside the airport. And the ocean in front me. On my back side there are some skyscrapers, should be downtown of HK.

We will depart from Hong Kong at 6.45pm and will reach Kathmandu at 9.30 pm

I will keep updating my journey from Kathmandu.


My Journey Begins Today

Mount Hood as seen from Portland Airport

I am writing from PDX-portland international airport. My journey starts today and I will be back at the end of July. After 23 months I am going to Nepal, which is my home country. I am kinda excited, nervous and so on. I am not getting right word(s) to express my feelings. I will see my family, relatives and friends after almost 2 years.

In these 2 years there has been great transformation of the country. From monarchy to republic now. From old Nepal to new Nepal. I was also involved in this transformation before I came to USA. Its a major change in the history of Nepal. But it is still in transition period. I hope it will be better than past. However the problems are still same. General strike, agitation by different groups, fuel crises, price hike etc along with garbage management problem in Kathmandu. Water scarcity in summer and winter, load shedding in electricity, network problem in telephone lines are the problems that came with "old Nepal". I might have to see and face Nepal banda or Kathmandu banda during my arrival in Kathmandu. I father wanted to come to Kathmandu (10 hours in bus ride from my birth place) to receive his only one son, but because of Nepal banda he canceled his trip and he is still trying to come to Kathmandu.

I will update my journey as far as possible with my feelings, some photos and possible some video clips. Deepak Bhandari, my MSc class mate will join me in LA airport. So I hope this journey won't be so boring. I have picked up two books namely: one by Barack Obama and another one by John Wood. I hope to enjoy the books. My flight is from PDX to LA to HK to Ktm. There is 12 hours transit time in Hong Kong.E 7 gate for United Airlines to LA

See you in nest post.


Awaited Journey from Nevada, USA to Nepal

Lekh N Adhikari


Now it has been almost two years that I am out from my country. According to my thought, when I had made it before leaving country I planned to go to my home. I thought that as soon as I finish my spring semester I should go. There were couples of reasons for that. One reason was I could get a rest for a while from Chemistry and my research for a while and get relaxed my monotonous mind and other reason was I could meet my parents earlier. That’s why I bought a ticket to Nepal on the same day as my final finishes even though my semester ends officially after 6 days from today. Before going to Nepal I had to go to New York to visit my brother to whom I had not seen for almost two years. It was not only my parents and his desire to meet before going to home but also I was desperately waiting to see him. It was not so easy to get a vacation for a week to go there because I had already asked to my advisor to take off for almost six weeks for my Nepal trip. Finally, I decided to take vacation for my New York trip too before my semester ended and after my teaching finished.

I went to east coast 9 days before I had a flight to Nepal and came back on 6th of May which was only 3 days before my Nepal journey. Initially I did not think that I would have that much pressure and rush in my final hour but actually it didn’t go with my expectation. In rest 3 days, I had to do all my final setting for my trip and in the mean time I had to take my final exam of my course and I had to give a practice talk in my group about my research what I am doing in lab which I am going to present in a conference in Kathmandu this month. So, I ended up with a lot of works in final hours. In the mean time I had to do some shopping to for my trip even though I had done most of it before 2-3 weeks. I had to collect the gifts and goods from my friends that they wanted to send for their family or relatives. I also wanted to meet all of them before my departure since I will be staying for more than a month and I was going to miss them for that long period. Due to all those reasons I was unable to sleep even in the nights and have my lunch and dinner on time. But finally, whether I finish my all jobs or not I had to be ready for my take off which was on 9th of May. According to my regular schedule I had my final exam on the same day early in the morning. Once I am done with my exam I said goodbye to all my lab mates as well as my friends in the Department and finally to my advisor. I came to home and did my packing. My fight was at 8:35 PM. So, I left the home at around 6:00 PM. Because of a international flight I thought I have to be in airport at least 2 hours prior to the departure. I was with my two other friends who were also travelling with me in the same flight from Reno. Couple of our friend came with us to drop us off. After checking the luggage in, they said goodbye to us. I felt somehow sad at that moment even though I was so excited about my trip.

Our travel started on time from Reno at 8:35 PM. We had an international flight from San Francisco where we had to do some paper works in immigration. We finished all work within an hour. Our next flight was at 1:20 AM from there. On that leisure time I talked to some of my friends on phone which made me easy to pass time. Until there I had not felt any boringness. Once we boarded in, I had a plan to sleep in aircraft so that I could get rid of my sleepiness but it did not work. I could not sleep there. It was very long flight of almost 15 hours that gave me very hard time to kill my time. I was looking on watch in every 10 minutes (sometimes in every 2-3 minutes too). Those 15 hours became like 15 days for me. There was totally dark outside too which would be my friend to pass time if it was daytime. Standing up on the passage, going to bathroom and walking back and forth in the plane from one end to other were the only alternatives for that night. I watched two movies too in the mean time. Finally, the aircraft was about to landing in Hong Kong.

I was so happy but again worried about the 12 hours transit period which I had to spend there. Initially, I thought I would sleep in the lounge in the airport but I could not sleep there too even though my eyes were red and weren’t with proper sight. I thought to use internet which was available there to pass time. I read the news and talked to few friends online that made me the time easy. I also got tired from using computer and then walked around the duty free stores inside the airport. I can’t imagine what would be happened if I was alone and had that much long flight and transit. All three of us me, Nagendra and Beni were sitting next to each other and talking most of the time. That was the one and only one way to forget all the pains except the hope to see my dad, sister and other relatives tonight in Kathmandu.

Ultimately, our 12 hours long waiting period also got over and the announcement to board the flight was made. We boarded in on the aircraft. I saw more than 90 percent of the passengers were Nepali and I was happy when the safety announcement in the plane was made in Nepali to except in English and Chinese. I tried to sleep even it was only about four and half hour flight from Hong Kong to Kathmandu. I became unable to do so and after having a meal I opened my laptop to listen some songs. And then, I thought to write few words to about my journey and experiences. At his point, a flight attendant made an announcement to turn off all the portable electronic devices because flight was about to landing. I am so happy now because I am almost about in Nepal.


"An interface has too many methods to fire events from...."

I have been having problem with mpg video files. I want to edit these files and I am using windows movie maker (wmm) program to do this. This is not working. After googling came to know that wmm is not compatible with mpg files. I changed the mpg to wmm compatible files like avi and tried again. Same error message again.

The message says: "An interface has too many methods to fire events from".

Honestly I don't understand what does this mean. I googled it and found same suggestions like I tried before. Didn't work. Recently I bought a Sony DCR-SR45 camcorder. But what is the meaning of having such device (expensive for me) if I can't edit the video clips and make my own movie? If you have any suggestion please let me know.

खेलौना राष्ट्रपतिहरु

हांक साप्ताहिकका पत्रकार बिमल पोख्रेलको यो लेख बिश्व नेपाली साप्ताहिक प्रकशित यो लेख यहा पनि सान्दर्भिक लागेर राखिएको छ।


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प्रतिभा पलायन की ज्ञान आर्जन ?

First part of this article is here.

उत्तम बाबु श्रेष्ठ

आज विश्व एक कुनाबाट अर्को कुना नदेखिने गोलो होइन बिचार र ज्ञानको दृष्टीकोणबाट सबै देखिने चेप्टो अर्थात फ्ल्याट हुँदै गइरहेको छ । अबको संसारमा ऐतिहासिक, भौगोलिक र क्षेत्रिय दुरी असान्दर्भिक भएको तर्क गर्छन् द ओर्ल्ड इज फ्ल्याट ए ब्रिफ़ हिस्ट्री अफ दी ट्वान्टी फर्स्ट सेन्चुरी का लेखक थोमस फ्राइडम्यान । आफ्ना कल सेन्टरहरु दक्षिण भारतबाट चलाउने, नुनदेखि सुनसम्म चीन, दक्षिण एशिया र ल्याटीन अमेरीकी मुलुकहरुबाट निर्यात गर्ने अमेरीकी आँखाबाट विश्वलाई हेर्दा देखिएका उक्त भनाईहरु हाम्रो अवस्थामा दुरुस्त लागु नभएतापनि यो कुरा स्पष्ट छ अबको मानिसलाई भुगोलका साना सीमारेखाहरुले बाध्न सकिदैन । त्यसकारण बिकाशील देशबाट श्रम शक्ति र सिर्जनशिल प्रतिभाहरु बिकसित देशतिर रोजगारी वा अवसरको लागि बसाई सर्नु अनौठो होइन ।

२०४६ सालको परिवर्तनले दिएको खुला वातावरण, बिश्व्वब्यापी सूचनाको पहुँच र द्वन्दको कारण ग्रामीण भागबाट हजारौको संख्यामा युवाहरु मात्रै विदेश पलायन भएनन बरु विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको विकासमा लागेका थुप्रै दक्ष जनशक्तिहरु नाम चलेका शिक्षण संस्था वा अनुसन्धानशालाहरुमा खाईपाई आएको जागिर चटक्क छोडेर, नेपाल वसेर केहि नहुने देखेर बिदेशीए । देशको राजनैतिक अवस्था सप्रेपछि नेपालमा नै रोजगारी पाईन्छ भन्दै सस्तो श्रम गर्न गएका जनशक्ति सजिलै फर्केलान भन्न सकिन्छ तर विज्ञान वा प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा लागेका दक्ष जनशक्ति जसले अप्रबासी कानून सजिलो भएका युरोप वा अमेरीकी बजारमा आफुलाई संघर्षको माध्यामबाट स्थापित गराउदैछन् उनीहरुलाई फर्काउनको लागि भने देशले निकै ठुलो मेहनत गर्नु पर्ने देखिन्छ । यद्यपी उनीहरुलाई फर्काउनै नसक्ने भने चाँहि होइन । देशमा अनुसन्धानको बाताबरण र उचित रोजगारीको अवस्था सिर्जना गर्ने हो भने देशले आउ नभनेपनि अबसरको खोजीमा हिडेको त्यो समूह आफु र आफ्नो परिवारको लागि भएपनि नेपाल फर्कनेछन् । अहिले भारतले द्रुत आर्थिक वृद्विदर हासिल गर्दै गर्दा सन् २००१ पछिका ५, ७ बर्षमा अमेरीकामा अध्ययन गरेका करीब ४०००० जति दक्ष कम्प्युटर साइन्स र अन्य विषय पढेका भारतियहरु अमेरीकाबाट भारत फर्किएका थिए । उनीहरु भारतलाई माया गरेर ‘मेरा भारत महान’ भन्दै मात्रै पनि फर्किएका होइनन् अमेरीकामा भन्दा भारतमा राम्रो रोजगारी र कमाएको पैसा वचत हुने अवस्था देखेर फर्किएका हुन् । देशमा विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको राम्रो विकास भएको अवस्थामा दिर्घकालिन रुपमा त्यो अबस्थाको आशा गर्न सकिताएपनि हाललाई उनीहरु जुन अवस्थामा जहाँ छन् त्यँहाबाट उनीहरुले देशको लागि सहयोग गर्न सक्ने अवस्थाको श्रृजना गर्नु र उनीहरुको सहयोग लिनको लागि पहल गर्नु आबश्यक छ ।

आज नेपाली श्रम र पसिना मलेशिया वा अरबको खाडिमा मात्रै बगेको छैन, नेपाली हातहरु अमेरीका, युरोप, कोरिया, जापान, अष्टेलियाका नाम चलेका विश्वविद्यालय र प्रयोगशालासम्म पुगेका छन् । दोहाका सडकहरुमा मात्रै नेपाली पाईलाहरु हिडेका छैनन् नासादेखि जर्मनीको म्याकप्लाँकसम्म नेपाली पाईला पुग्न सफल भएका छन् । विदेशमा उच्च शिक्षा आर्जन गर्न गएका जनशक्तिलाई प्रतिभा पलायनको आँखाले हेरेर युरोप, अमेरीकामा ‘सेटल्ड’ हुने पलायनबादीहरुसँग के गफ गर्ने भन्दै पानी वारावार गरेर होइन उनीहरुले आर्जन गरेको ज्ञान, दक्षता र क्षमतालाई कसरी नेपाल र नेपालीको हितमा प्रयोग गर्ने भन्ने कुरा सोच्नु महत्वपूर्ण हो । विदेश वसेपनि नेपालका बारेमा अध्ययन, अनुसन्धान गर्ने वातावरण उनीहरुलाई बनाईदिए मात्रै पनि नेपालको लागि ठुलो योगदान हुनसक्छ । भौगोलिक रुपमा को कहाँ वस्छ भन्दा पनि कसले कसको हितमा काम गर्दछ भन्ने कुरा महत्वपूर्ण हुँदै गएको छ किनकी आज विश्व चेप्टो र भुगोलका साना सीमारेखाहरु असान्दर्भिक हुँदै गइरहेको छ ।

रेमिट्यान्स भित्राउने वा धनी गैह्रआवासिय नेपालीहरुको पुँजी नेपालमा लगानी गर्ने कुराहरु हुँदा नेपाली यस्ता उन्नत दिमाग वा उनीहरुको सोँचलाई नेपाल भित्राउने कुरासम्म सुनिदैन । जो जहाँ भएपनि उसले आआफनो ठाँउबाट नेपाललाई सहयोग गर्न कुरा हो । धन हुनेले धन दिन्छन्, वल हुनेले वल अनि विचार हुनेले विचार । तर त्यसको लागि संगठित पहल हुन जरुरी छ । आज यो देशमा यति नेपाली छन् उ देशमा उती नेपाली छन् भनेको सुनिन्छ । उनीहरु के गर्दै छन् त्यसको लेखा जोखा कतै भएको छैन । विदेश पढ्न गएकाहरु कति फर्किए कति कहाँ के गर्दौ छन् कुनै तथ्यांक छैन । व्यक्तिगत खर्चमा पढ्न गएकाको त कुरै छाडौं सरकारी खर्चमा विदेश पढ्न गएकाहरु पनि कति फर्किए वा कति कहाँ के गर्दौ छन् कुनै तथ्यांक छैन । व्यक्तिगत सन्जाल र परम्परागत संगठनमा संगठित नेपालीहरुलाई अब वैज्ञानिक फोरमको रुपमा संगठित गर्ने र मुलुकको हितमा लगाउने तीर सोच्न ढिला भईसकेको छ । जे जस्तो भएपनि असंगठित रुपमा भए पनि विगत केहि वर्षयता विकसित देशहरुका वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धानशालाहरुमा पनि नेपालीहरुको पहुँच विस्तारै बढदै गइरहेको छ । अमेरीकामा हुने बिभिन्न बिधाका वैज्ञानिक सम्मेलनहरुमा नेपाली अनुहारहरु देखिनु र सम्मेलनका पेपरहरुमा नेपाली नाम छापिनु आज अमेरीकामा नेपालीहरुको बदलिँदो परिचय हो ।

भारत र चीनको विकासको पछाडि ती मुलुकहरुबाट ठुलो संख्यामा विदेशमा गएका वैज्ञानिक जगतका मानिसहरु र अध्येताहरुको बौद्विक सहयोग पनि एक हो । अमेरीकी विश्वविद्यालयहरुमा मात्रै आठहजारको हाराहारीमा भारतीय मुलका प्राध्यापकहरु छन् । हजारौको संख्यामा अनुसन्धानकर्ता, इन्जिनियर, डाक्टर आदी छन् । त्यसै गरि चीनीयाँ मुलका प्राध्यापकहरुको संख्या पनि उल्लेख्य संख्या छ । उनीहरुले प्रत्यक्ष वा अप्रत्यक्ष रुपमा आफ्नो आफ्नो मुलुकको अनुसन्धानहरुलाई सहयोग गरेका छन् । अनुसन्धानका विभिन्न दुईदेशिय, अन्तरदेशिय र वहुदेशिय कार्यक्रमहरु सन्चालन गरेका छन्, आफ्नो देशका अनुसन्धानकर्तालाई आफुले काम गरिरहेका विदेशका प्रयोगशालामा काम गर्न वोलाएका छन् । आफ्ना देशका अनुसन्धानशालाहरुलाई आर्थिक र प्रविधीक सहयोग गरेका छन् । त्यसकारण विदेश वसेर नाम र दाम कमाएका नेपालीहरुको एउटा पंक्तिलाई हामीले नेपालको बैज्ञानिक अध्यायन अनुसन्धानको लागि केहि सहयोग गर्न सक्ने वातावरण तयार गर्न तिर पहल हुन आवश्यक छ । गैह्र आवासिय नेपाली व्यापारीहरुसँग नेपालको जलविद्युत, संचार आदीजस्ता नाफामुखी क्षेत्रहरुमा लगानी गर्नको लागि हामी हारगुहार गर्र्छौ तर वैज्ञानिक अध्यायन र अनुसन्धानको लागि सहयोग गर भनेर सरकारी तवरबाट निती निर्माण गर्न किन कन्जुस्याई ?

अन्त्यमा, दुर शिक्षा (distance learning) नेपालका सहरी इलाकाहरुमा पनि ‘पपुलर’ हुँदै गइरहेको अवस्थामा विदेशमा प्राध्यापन गर्ने नेपाली प्राध्यापकले विदेशमा वसेर नेपालको कुनै विश्वविद्यालयमा पढाउन सक्छ भन्ने मान्यतालाई अब स्थापित गर्न आवश्यक छ । त्यसकारण विदेश धन कमाउन गएकाहरुलाई नेपालमा रेमिट्यान्स भित्राउने वा पुँजी लगानी गर्न सक्ने वर्ग भनेर आशाको दृष्टीले हेर्ने तर बुद्वि, ज्ञान र शिप आर्जन गर्न गएकालाई पलायन भएको भनेर हेयको दृष्टीकोणबाट हेर्ने परम्परा र संक्रिण सोचाईलाई तोडेर उनीहरुबाट सक्दो सहयोग लिन प्रयास गरिनु विज्ञान प्रविधीको विकासमा महत्वपूर्ण कदम हुन सक्छ ।


साइन्स पत्रिकामा नेपाल र विज्ञान प्रविधीको विकास

उत्तम बाबु श्रेष्ठ
बैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धान, समाचार र सुचना प्रकाशनको लागि विश्व कै उत्कृष्ट ‘साइन्स’ पत्रिकाको प्रकाशक तथा अमेरीकाको वैज्ञानिकहरुको सवैभन्दा ठुलो संस्था अमेरीकन एसोसिएसन फर दि एडभान्समेन्ट अफ साइन्सको गत फेव्रुवरी १४ देखि १८ सम्म बोष्टनमा आयोजित बार्षीक सम्मेलनमा भाग लिंदाका अनुभुतिहरु समेटेर यसरी व्लग लेख्नेछु भनेर कल्पनासम्म पनि गरेको थिइन । आफ्ना जीवनका उर्वर समयहरु ‘रोएर मर्ने विज्ञान’ को सानो अंशलाई पढेर विताएको र अझै पनि त्यो क्रम र कोसिस जारी रहेकोले ‘साइन्स’ पत्रिकाको यो साता (जुन १३) को अंकमा छापिएको नेपाल सम्वन्धि समाचार देखेर रोमान्चकताका विच केहि लेख्न मन लाग्यो ।
‘विश्व परिपेक्षमा विज्ञान र प्रविधी’ प्रमुख नारा रहेको उक्त सम्मेलनका अतिथी थिए, विश्व कै गरिब देश मध्येको एक रुवाण्डाका राष्टपति पाउल कगामे । कुनै वेला योवेरी मुसेवेनीको नेसनल रेसिस्टेन्स् आर्मीको तर्फाट गुरील्ला युद्व लडेका तथा रुवाण्डा प्याटि्रयोटिक आर्मीका नेता पाउल कगामेलाई विश्वकै ठुलो मानिने उक्त वैज्ञानिक सम्मेलनमा त्यसै वोलाइएको थिएन । वरु उनको देशमा उनी सत्तासिन भए पश्चात पुननिर्माण र शैक्षिक क्षेत्र विशेष गरि विज्ञान र प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा उनको नेतृत्वको सरकारले गरेको ठुलो लगानी र प्रतिवद्वतालाई हौसला प्रदान गर्नको लागि वोलाइएको थियो । ६० वर्षलामो गृहयुद्व तथा मानव नरसंहारको पिडा भोगेको रुवाण्डामा युद्वको कारण विज्ञान प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा लागेका मानिसहरु पलायन भएका वा मारिएकोले दक्ष जनशक्ति निर्माण प्रमुख चुनौति रहेको कुरा उनले उक्त वैज्ञानिक सम्मेलनमा बताएका थिए । अहिले विदेश पलायन भएका जनशक्तिलाई खोजी खोजी स्वदेश ल्याउनु परेको कुराहरु उनको मुखबाट भाषणको क्रम र केहि भलाकुसारीको क्रममा सुन्दा नेपालबाट वर्षैनी ठुलो संख्यामा वैज्ञानिक जनशक्ति पलायन भएर विदेश लागेको र अहिले पनि त्यो क्रम यथावत नै रहेको आफ्नो देशको यर्थाथतालाई संझिएको थिए ।
प्रमुख अतिथीको आसनबाट उनले भाषण गर्दै गर्दा म, साथी पशुपति चौधरी र किरण श्रेष्ठ एक आपसमा फुस्फुसाएका थियौं । “नेपालको नेताहरु पनि एकदिन यसरी नै यति ठुलो वैज्ञानिक सभामा भाषण गर्न आउलान् त ? ” भनेर । हाम्रो उक्त दिनको आशा पुरा होला या नहोला तर उक्त सम्मेलनमा एकदिन स्वंयसेवा गरे वापत पाइएको साइन्सको एकबर्षे निशुल्क अनलाइन संस्करणको जुन १३ को अंकमा हात पर्दा र नेपालको नाम र नेपाल सम्वन्धि समाचार त्यसमा देख्दा पनि यतिखेर मन पुलकित भएको छ । विज्ञान क्षेत्रको अग्रिणी ‘साइन्स’ पत्रिकामा समाचार आउनु आफैमा एउटा गौरव योग्य कुरा हो । त्यसमाथि पनि संविधान सभाले अघिल्लो वर्ष भन्दा विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा १२ गुणा बढि वजेट विनियोजन गर्न लागेको खवर झनै सुखद छ, हामी विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीमा लागेका मानिसहरुको लागि ।
हो वास्तवमा विज्ञान भनेको आधुनिक संसारलाई चियाउने झ्याल मात्रै होइन यो कुनै पनि देशको आर्थिक विकासको मेरुदण्ड पनि हो । अहिलेको संसारमा आफ्नो देश अनुकुलको विज्ञान र प्रविधीको विकास नगरी आर्थिक विकास मात्रै गर्छु भन्नु कोरा कल्पना मात्रै हो । आज विश्वका विकसित देशहरुको इतिहासलाई हेर्दा विगतमा उनीहरुले गरेको विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा वृहत लगानीको प्रतिफल हो भनेर ठोकुवा गर्न सकिन्छ । आर्थिक रुपमै विश्वको एक नम्वर तिर लम्किरहेको चीनलाई हेर्ने हो भने पनि त्यो कुरा प्रष्ट हुन्छ । भनिन्छ, १९९० तीर चीनमा साधारण क्याल्कुलस जान्नेहरु पनि औंलामा गन्न सकिने थिए तर आज चाइनिज वैज्ञानिकहरुले विश्वभरि नै आफ्नो साम्राज्य फैलाइरहेका छन् । त्यसकारण हाम्रो देश अविकसित हुनका अनेकौं कारणहरु मध्ये विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको क्षेत्रलाई सधै उपेक्षा गरीनु र यसको विकासमा कुनै पनि ठोस कदम नचालिनु पनि एक हो । विडम्वना मान्नुपर्छ हाम्रो देशमा विगतमा विज्ञान सधै ‘रोएर नै मरी’ रह्यो ।
यतिखेर हामी नयाँ नेपालको कुरा गरिरहेका छौं । आर्थिक क्रान्ति र समृद्धि कुरा गरिरहेका छौं तर विगतमा झै अब पनि विज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको क्षेत्रलाई अपेक्षाको दृष्टीले हेर्ने हो भने पक्कै पनि आर्थिक विकासको कुरा हावादारी हुनेछ । यद्यपी अहिले सरकारको नेतृत्व गर्न लागेको माओवादीको प्रतिवद्वतापत्रलाई हेर्ने हो भने अन्य दलले भन्दा उनीहरुले यस क्षेत्रको विकासलाई वढि प्रथमिकता दिएको पाइन्छ । त्यसमा भनिएको छ “विज्ञान र प्रविधी को विकास नगरी विकास असंभव छ ।” उनीहरुले त्यँहा विदेश पलायन भएका बैज्ञानिक जनशक्तिलाई समेटने कुराहरु पनि गरेका छन् । सायद यहि भनाईलाई आधार मानेर होला ‘साइन्स’ पत्रिकाले प्रचण्डको फोटो सहितको समाचार छापेको । यस क्षेत्रको विकासको पनि अब के गर्न पर्ला, भनेर बुदागत रुपमा केही कुराहरु राख्न गइरहेको छु । तपाईहरुले पनि आफ्नो बिचारहरु राख्नु होला ।
बैज्ञानिकहरुको सामाजिकीकरण र समाजको बैज्ञानिकीकरणविज्ञान तथा प्रविधीको विकासको कुरा गर्दा सवैभन्दा पहिले विज्ञानिक जगत तथा समाजको वर्तमान सम्वन्धलाई तोडिनु आवश्यक छ । नेपालमा विज्ञान प्रविधीको विकास नहुनुमा समाज र विज्ञान विचको दुरी पनि एक हो । नेपाली समाजमा बैज्ञानिक भनेको अर्कै ग्रहका मानिसहरु जस्तो ठानिन्छ । नेपाली बैज्ञानिकका केहि आविष्कार गरे भने पनि अविश्वास गर्ने वा नेपालमा पनि यस्तो गर्न सक्छन् र भनेर एकातिर मानिसहरु अविश्वास प्रकट गर्छन भने अर्कातिर विज्ञान क्षेत्रमा लागेका मानिसहरुले पनि सामाजिक समस्याको बारेमा अनभिज्ञता प्रकट गर्छन् । जसले गर्दा समाज र विज्ञान र प्रविधीको क्षेत्रमा लागेका मानिसहरु विचको एक किसिमको दुरी पाईएको छ । वैज्ञानिक भनेको वैज्ञानिक जर्नल, सभा र सम्मेलनमा आफ्ना विचार राख्ने र विचारको जगतमा एकछत्र राज गर्ने मानिस मात्र होइन, उ समाजमा भएका विविधता बुझ्ने वुझ्कड र संश्लेषक पनि हो । समाज र विज्ञान विचको सुचनाको पुल पनि हो । वैज्ञानिकहरुले आफुले गरेका अनुसन्धानले जीवन जगतलाई कस्तो प्रभाव पार्दछ भनेर आम मानिसलाई बुझाउन सक्नुपर्दछ । एक अर्थमा उ आविष्कारको कथा सुनाउने कथाकार पनि हो । त्यसैले उसले भनेको कथा समाजले बुझ्ने हुनुपर्दछ अनि मात्र समाज र विज्ञान विचको दुरी कम गर्न सकिन्छ । वैज्ञानिक सभा सम्मेलनमा मन्त्रीको भाषणले जति संचार माध्याममा चर्चा र ठाँउ पाँउछ त्यँहा प्रस्तुत बैज्ञानिक कार्यपत्रहरुलाई ब्यर्थ को ठानिन्छ । अनि आममानिसलाई त्यसवाट प्रसारित सुचनाले वैज्ञानिक सम्मलेनमा मन्त्रीले यसो भन्नु भएछ, उसो भन्नु भएछ, भन्ने कुरा मात्र थाहा हुन्छ । आममानिसले नयाँ आविष्कार र भईरहेका अनुसन्धानका सुचनाहरुको पत्तै पाउदैन । हवाई जहाज बनाउने वा रकेटको प्रोटोटाइप तयार गर्ने दश वा बाह्र कक्षा पढेको भाईवहिनीहरुको कार्य र अर्न्तवार्ताहरुले संचार माध्याममा हलचल ल्याउँछन् तर जिन्दगी भरी अनुसन्धानमा विताएकाहरुलाई कसैले चिनेको हुदैन समाजमा । अब यो बिडम्बना पूर्ण स्थिति बाट पूर्णरुपमा मुक्त हुनपर्दछ । त्यसकारण अनुसन्धानहरुको समाजमुखीकरण गर्नु र वैज्ञानिक जगतको सामाजीकीकरण अत्यन्त आवश्यक छ ।
विज्ञान र राजनिती दोश्रो विश्व युद्वताका अमेरीकाका विश्वविद्यालयहरुले आफ्नो अनुसन्धानहरुलाई सैनिकहरुको वन्दोवस्ती निर्माण, र सैन्य जीतलाई सधाउने किसिमका प्रणाली वा सरसामाग्री निर्माणमा केन्द्रिकृत गरेका थिए । रुसमा वोल्सिभिक क्रान्तिपछि वैज्ञानिकहरुको अनुसन्धान बढि खाद्यान्न उत्पादन तर्फ केन्द्रित थियो । अनि भारत स्वतन्त्र भएपश्चात ६० को दशकमा भारतमा हरित क्रान्तिको शुरुवात गरिएको थियो । त्यसकारण वैज्ञानिक अनुसन्धानहरु देशको राजनिती, रणनिती र योजनाहरुबाट पृथक रहदैन । कसैले मानोस नमानोस यो पनि राजनितीबाट नै निर्देषित हुन्छ । अझ विकशित देशमा त झन वैज्ञानिक जगत पार्टीको घोषणापत्र हेरेर कुनै पार्टीको पक्षमा ‘लविगं’ गर्ने गर्दछन् । तर हाम्रो अवस्था विल्कुल भिन्न छ । वर्तमान संविधान सभाको निर्वाचनको क्रममा समावेशिताको कुरा उठ्दा वैज्ञानिक क्षेत्रबात प्रतिनिधित्व वा यस क्षेत्रको विकाशका कुराहरु उठदै उठेनन भन्दा पनि हुन्छ । अझै पनि ठुलो संख्यामा वैज्ञानिकहरुको संस्थाको भुमिका भनेको गोष्टी, सेमीनार गर्ने, अनुसन्धान प्रस्तावपत्रहरु तयार गर्नमा मात्रै सिमित रहेको छ । त्यसकारण विज्ञान क्षेत्रमा लागेका अगुवाहरुले विज्ञान क्षेत्रको विकासको लागि नितीनिर्माण तहमा दवाव दिनु र यस क्षेत्रको विकाशका लागि ‘लविगं’ गर्नु अत्यावश्यक छ । त्यसको लागी विज्ञान क्षेत्रमा लागेकाहरुले राजनितीलाई वुझन् र राजनितीमा लागेकाहरुले विज्ञानको महत्वलाई वुझ्न आबश्यक छ ।



Some Pictures from Graduation Ceremony 2008, OSU

Graduation walking from Valley library to Reser Stadium

Graduates of the Class of 2008 participating in the ceremony

Dr. Toby Primbs receiving his diploma from President of OSU

Thousands of friends and family members also shared happiness in the program

Subodh Tandulkar, it was not easy to do photography in the hot sun for whole day

This little boy came with his granny to see his dad's graduation ceremony

Maxwell Ghimire posing for photo wearing his uncle's graduation cap: when will my turn come?


Prachanda to Stalin

This art is a copy from nepalitimes.

The first photo is 100% Prachanda and the last one is 100% Stalin. Prachanda is chairman of the communist party of Nepal (maoist). His party became largest party in the recently held constitutional assembly election first meeting of which decided to dispose the 240 year old monarchy. Under his leadership his party faught peoples war (in their own word) for 10 years and they are in peaceful politics for last 2 years. His party's name is given from Mao Zedong, Chinese Communist leader. And his party's political line is Maxism, Leninism, Maoism and Prachandapath. There is no Stalin.

Stalin was Soviet Union leader from in different positions from1922 until his death in1953. In this era he is known as a dictator who is responsible for the killing of thousands of people. So when you talk about Stalin, you are talking about communist dictatorship. Stalin claimed his policies were based on Marxism-Leninism. Now his political and economic system is referred to as Stalinism. Maoists, anti-revisionists and some others say he was actually the last legitimate Socialist leader in the Soviet Union's history.(see wikipedia)

In Nepal as Moists are gaining power, leading next government, many people in and out of the country are worried about how they will rule the country-the one of the poorest country in the world. What will happen about the human rights, press freedom and how about economic policies?

The art above gives a fear about totalitarian rule by maoists headed by Prachanda. Thats why it compares Prachanda with Stalin. Its early to say about economic and other policies. we have to wait to see it. But one thing is clear. They know that Mao time or Stalin time communist rule in 21 century Nepal is not possible. They have assured press freedom, right to keep personal property and even they have expressed their support for free trade economy. They have accepted world bank (which many communists parties around the world don't accept). So if they are true to their statements, sayings then the comparison of Prachanda to Stalin is just a comparison. Again people have to wait and see in practice.


First President of Nepal?

I got this petition/campaign for Padma ratna Tuladhar in my email. Newa community around the globe is proposing him. In the present day scenario following names are in debate.

Girija Prasad koirala: Maobadi and MJF have publicly rejected him
Ramraja P Sign: Maoist are in favor of him and MJF has also accepted him.
Padmaratna Tuladhar: Maoist in favor
Sahana Pradhan: Maoist in favor, may be UML also in favor coz she is leader of UML
Narbahadur Karmacharya: Maoist in favor
Dr Devendra Raj Pandey: Maoist in favor
Madhav Kumar Nepal

I am not responsible for the content of this petition. You are encouraged to write your opinion.


A Petition to

* The Government of Nepal
* NCP (Maoist) led by Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda)
* NC led by present-and- many-time Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala
* UML led by new General Secretary Jhalanath Khanal
* All Members of Constituent Assembly, Kathmandu representing political parties
* The Civil Society

* Governments of India, China, Japan, Russia, United States, Canada, France, Switzerland, Germany, Spain,Norway, Finland, The Netherlands, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Bhutan,The United Nations Headquarters, New York, SAARC Secretariat

* All Mass media and online news portal of Nepal and abroad.

Appoint Padma Ratna Tuladhar as the 1st President of Nepal !

The present deadlock preventing from forming a new government shows the might-is-right muscle among thethree big parties. One big issue is who should become the first president of this already proclaimed “Federal Democratic Republic” without the president.Although a ceremonial president as the head of state has been agreed among the three big parties, a six member panel (Krishna Bahadur Mahara and Khim Lal Devkota from Maoists, Dr. Prakash Sharan Mahat and Radheshyam Adhikari from NC and Bhim Rawal and Agni Kharel from UML) of the three parties have been formed to propose a name despite Maoist agreeing to a civil society leader, UML proposing a CA member and
NC directly proposing present and many time prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Madhesi parties against him. Long suffering war ended as the peace agreement was signed to hold the CA. The peace talk was negotiated by civil society leaders. Yet, the political parties have ignored the immense role played by the civil society as if only political party leaders alone worked out to bring the present peace in the country. No one should forget that the Second Jana Andolan brought the peace to this impoverished land at the expense of thousands of innocent lives of Nepalese people from different communities. The new government should appoint a civil society leader for the post of 1st President of Nepal. No one also should forget that the new government and the Constituent Assembly meant for only two year term, within which a new constitution need to be written for a New Nepal. Only under a non-political president, a fair, impartial and practical constitution can be expected. A post of president, the head of a state should not be settled only among three political parties. Hence, we The Newah family, the Worldwide Network of Unlimited Newah Professionals (UNPro) along with many like minded Nepalese patriots at home and abroad propose Dr. Padma Ratna Tuladhar as the 1st President of Nepal. Responsible political leaders should give a serious consideration to this proposal while responsible friends from international community should pressurize the Nepal government and concerned parties.

Why Padma Ratna Tuladhar?
Among several civil society leaders, Padma Ratna Tuladhar is the most prominent human right activist. During Panchayat autocratic rule, he joined the anti-panchayat struggle in the late 1970s that culminated in the 1980 referendum, setting in a motion the beginning of the end of autocratic panchayat rule by calling for multi-party democracy inside the chamber of the Rastriya Panchayat (then, National Assembly) itself, a rare courage someone of his caliber couldn’t show. He carried on a relentless campaign for democracy, and his mass meetings drew unprecedented crowds. In 1986, having got elected to the Rastriya Panchayat with a landslide victory, he astounded the nation by demanding multiparty democracy from the Rastriya Panchayat itself. His public meetings drew awesome crowds. People taped his stirring speeches and sold the cassettes all over the
country. He was instrumental in facilitating peace talks with the Maoists and ending the decade-long bloody conflict. He deserves our gratitude for the end of war and paving for a successful Constituent Assembly giving us the present peace. Hence, we should appoint a fair-minded, impartial civil leader like Dr. Padma Ratna Tuladhat to write a people-oriented new constitution to guide good governance in Nepal. Failure of appointing Padma Ratna Tuladhar for the 1st President of Nepal will discourage many civic leaders, who have followed Dr. Tuladhar and disappoint his supporters of Nepalese belonging to all communities in Nepal, including the Newah community, who have been patient for all the past 240 years despite, their culture was destroyed, their mother tongue, the Nepal Bhasa was banned in their own native land in addition to its invasion by Shahs and others, who ruled the valley till now. A new government in Kathmandu, a native land of the Newahs, should return the gratitude, to its son of the soil, who fought together with other Nepalese to get rid of the Shah
invaders’ rule to free every Nepalese citizen from the grip of the iron-handed- autocracy and its shameful henchmen.

Hence this is the perfect time to appoint Dr. Padma Ratna Tuladhar the 1st President of Nepal!

The Newah family
For the Unlimited Newah Professionals (UNPro)
Kathmandu, Siddhartha Nagar, Birat Nagar, Singapore, Auckland, Colombo, Tokyo, London, New York
thenewah@gmail. com
www.thenewah. blogsome. com

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I signed up for PPP!

This blog (from science to society) is signed up for PPP! And they have approved this blog. I heard about this-ppp through my friend’s blog and he is earning good amount of money through this (I hope so). This is payperpost. Isn't this fantastic idea? What a great idea to get paid. You post your blog item and depending on the material you cover you will be paid. You are postie.

I am writing blogs for almost a year. Sometimes I write about services, useful websites of my area, etc that I love. That helped those companies to sale and more traffic to their sites. But it was purely volunteering. Now time has been changed. No more volunteer!!!!!!!!!

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World Map Master: 2 yrs cute girl

Lily is almost 2 years old. You can't imagine her memory power and how she can learn things. This video from youtube shows you about Lily's map mastering. She can't even say the name of the countries properly. I think, her parents ask her to point the name of a country on world map hang on the wall of their room. And Lily points on the right point on the map. And she claps.