अजयकुमार- आरामै हुनुहुन्छ ?
प्रचण्ड- राजनैतिक रूपमा आराम गरेर बसेको भए अहिले जुन विकास देख्दै हुनुहुन्छ, त्यो दस वर्षमा सम्भव नै हुँदैनथ्यो भन्ने मेरो ठम्याइ हो ।
अजयकुमार- दस वर्षअघि नेपाली राजनैतिक पार्टीका नेताहरू विदेशी राजदूतहरूलाई भेट्न निवेदन हाल्ने गर्दथे । तर, आज दस वर्षपछि विदेशी राजदूतहरूले नेपाली नेतालाई भेट्न पाऊ भनेर निवेदन हाल्ने गरेका छन् । यो परिवर्तनलाई कसरी हेर्नुभएको छ ?
प्रचण्ड- कुरो के हो भने त्यतिखेर हामी सबैका कमीकमजोरी थिए । हामी सबैको विवेकमा खिया लागेको स्थिति हो । समग्र देशको भन्दा पनि व्यक्ति, पार्टी र गुटको हितलाई मात्रै अगाडि ल्यायौं । तर, विस्तारै हामीमा एकता, सहकार्य र सहमतिको जुन वातावरण बन्यो, त्यसले देश, जनतालाई यो अवस्थासम्म पुर्यायो भन्ने हाम्रो ठम्याइ छ ।
अजयकुमार- हिजो तपाईंसँग अमेरिकी राजदूतले भेटेछन्, के कुरा भयो तपाईंहरूबीच ?
अजयकुमार- हाम्रो इतिहास हेर्दा, हाम्रो देश दाता राष्ट्रहरूबाट ऋण लिएर चल्ने मुलुक, केवल दस वर्षमा नै विश्वका ठूला देशहरूलाई अनुदान दिन सक्ने बनेको छ । कस्तो लाग्छ तपाइंलाई ?
अजयकुमार- प्रधानमन्त्रीज्यू, त्यति धेरै सहयोग गर्न सक्नेगरी नेपालले स्रोतचाहिँ कसरी, कहाँबाट जुटाउन सक्यो ? बताइदिनोस् न ।
अजयकुमार- सरकारले जुन मेचीदेखि महाकालीसम्म बुलेट रेल सेवा सुरु गर्यो नि, यसका बारेमा बताइदिनोस् न ?
प्रचण्ड- काँकडभिट्टादेखि कैलालीसम्म केवल तीन घन्टामा पुर्याउने यो रेल सेवा पेट्रोलबिनै हाम्रै त्रिशुलीको बिजुलीले चल्नेगर्छ । संसारमा पेट्रोलको जति भाउ बढे पनि तराईका जनताको एकताको प्रतीक एकता एक्सप्रेस रेल सेवालाई कुनै फरक पर्दैन ।
अजयकुमार- एउटा आरोप छ, यो रेल सेवाले जनतालाई भन्दा ज्यादा नेपाल-भारत सिमानामा क्रियाशील चोर, डाँका, तस्कर र कालोबजारीलाई बढी फाइदा पुगेको छ रे नि ?
अजयकुमार- गत साता एउटा सनसनीपूर्ण समाचार आयो, एकजना मानिसले तपाइंलाई कालो झन्डा देखायो रे, हो ?
अजयकुमार- किन देखाएका रहेछन् त कालो झन्डा ?
प्रचण्ड- आफ्नो अर्बौंको सम्पत्ति राज्यलाई दान दिने उनको इच्छा रहेछ । तर, राज्यको यो नियम छ कि जनताको सम्पत्ति राज्यले कुनै पनि सर्तमा लिनुहुन्न भनेपछि उनले राज्यलाई सहयोग गर्न पाउनुपर्छ भन्ने मागका साथ कालो झन्डा देखाएका रहेछन् ।
अजयकुमार- अचम्मको परिवर्तन हगि ? उहिले जनता कर तिर्न भनेपछि मरेजस्तो हुन्थे, आज राज्यलाई आफ्नो सम्पत्ति दान दिने हैसियतमा पुगे । कस्तो लाग्छ, केवल दस वर्षमा नै यस्तो संस्कारको विकास भएको छ ?
प्रचण्ड- मने, एक्काईसौं शताब्दीको लोकतान्त्रिक संस्कृति भनेकै यही हो जस्तो लाग्छ ।
अजयकुमार- तपाईं दस वर्षअगाडि एउटा शब्द खुब प्रयोग गर्नुहुन्थ्यो, चमत्कार । आखिर चमत्कार गरेरै देखाइदिनुभयो । समुद्र नै नभएको देश नेपालमा पानी जहाज पनि ल्याइदिनुभयो, कसरी ?
अजयकुमार- नेपाल सरकारले अमेरिकन र युरोपियनलाई भिसा बन्द गर्यो भन्ने समाचार आएको छ नि ?
अजयकुमार- त्यसको मतलब विदेशीलाई नेपालमा कामदार भिसा अब सदाका लागि बन्द गरेको हो त ?
अजयकुमार- प्रकृतिप्रेमीहरूको आरोप छ कि सरकार काठमाडौंमा बनाएका ८०,१००,१५० तले भवनहरूले काठमाडौंका डाँडाकाँडालाई छेके । यसले प्रकृतिमाथि अन्याय भयो रे, सरकारले के सोचेको छ यस विषयमा ?
As the race for the White House enters the home stretch, several of the nation’s leading thinkers in science and policy are gathering in Minneapolis to discuss how the next president can jump-start the economy and renew America’s leadership position in education, research, health, and energy, at a conference billed as Innovation2008.com
The conference will be keynoted by Minnesota native and 2003 Nobel laureate Peter Agre, with a closing address by famed science broadcaster Ira Flatow of NPR’s Talk of the Nation: Science Friday. Both events are free and open to the public.
Here are the links to tune in and watch streaming video of the Innovation 2008 conference this Monday and Tuesday:
A leading neuroscientist says processing digital information can rewire your circuits. But is it evolution?
Is technology changing our brains? A new study by UCLA neuroscientist Gary Small adds to a growing body of research that says it is. And according to Small's new book, "iBRAIN: Surviving the Technological Alteration of the Modern Mind," a dramatic shift in how we gather information and communicate with one another has touched off an era of rapid evolution that may ultimately change the human brain as we know it. "Perhaps not since early man first discovered how to use a tool has the human brain been affected so quickly and so dramatically," he writes. "As the brain evolves and shifts its focus towards new technological skills, it drifts away from fundamental social skills."
The impact of technology on our circuitry should not come as a surprise. The brain's plasticity—it's ability to change in response to different stimuli—is well known. Professional musicians have more gray matter in brain regions responsible for planning finger movements. And athletes' brains are bulkier in areas that control hand-eye coordination. That's because the more time you devote to a specific activity, the stronger the neural pathways responsible for executing that activity become. So it makes sense that people who process a constant stream of digital information would have more neurons dedicated to filtering that information. Still, that's not the same thing as evolution.
To see how the Internet might be rewiring us, Small and colleagues monitored the brains of 24 adults as they performed a simulated Web search, and again as they read a page of text. During the Web search, those who reported using the Internet regularly in their everyday lives showed twice as much signaling in brain regions responsible for decision-making and complex reasoning, compared with those who had limited Internet exposure. The findings, to be published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, suggest that Internet use enhances the brain's capacity to be stimulated, and that Internet reading activates more brain regions than printed words. The research adds to previous studies that have shown that the tech-savvy among us possess greater working memory (meaning they can store and retrieve more bits of information in the short term), are more adept at perceptual learning (that is, adjusting their perception of the world in response to changing information), and have better motor skills.Small says these differences are likely to be even more profound across generations, because younger people are exposed to more technology from an earlier age than older people. He refers to this as the brain gap. On one side, what he calls digital natives—those who have never known a world without e-mail and text messaging—use their superior cognitive abilities to make snap decisions and juggle multiple sources of sensory input. On the other side, digital immigrants—those who witnessed the advent of modern technology long after their brains had been hardwired—are better at reading facial expressions than they are at navigating cyberspace. "The typical immigrant's brain was trained in completely different ways of socializing and learning, taking things step-by-step and addressing one task at a time," he says. "Immigrants learn more methodically and tend to execute tasks more precisely."
But whether natural selection will favor one skill set over the other remains to be seen. For starters, there's no reason to believe the two behaviors are mutually exclusive. In fact, a 2005 Kaiser study found that young people who spent the most time engaged with high-technology also spent the most time interacting face-to-face, with friends and family. And as Small himself points out, digital natives and digital immigrants can direct their own neural circuitry—reaping the cognitive benefits of modern technology while preserving traditional social skills—simply by making time for both.
In the meantime, modern technology, and the skills it fosters, is evolving even faster than we are. There's no telling whether future iterations of computer games, online communities and the like will require more or less of the traditional social skills and learning strategies that we've spent so many eons cultivating. "Too many people write about this as if kids are in one country and adults are in another," says James Gee, a linguistics professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. What the future brain will look like is still anybody's guess.
Official press release from Nobel foundation is here.
List of Nobel prize winners in Chemistry can be found here.
I would like to congratulate all of three Nobel winners in chemistry.
For official press release please visit http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2008/press.html
|पोहर् साल पोर्ट्लेन्डमा दशैंको टिका थाप्दै|
Nobel laureate Peter Agre
Science broadcaster Ira Flatow
Some of confirmed speakers and panelists
• Andrew Fire, Nobel laureate and Professor of Pathology and Genetics, Stanford University
• Bill Bates, Vice President of the Council on Competitiveness
• Darlene Cavalier, ScienceCheerleader.com
• Kei Koizumi, Director, R&D Budget & Policy, American Assn for the Advancement of Science
• Lawrence Krauss, astrophysicist, science policy speaker, and popular author
• Chris Mooney, Washington Correspondent for Seed and popular author
• Jan Morrison - Executive Director; TIES Teaching Institute for Excellence in STEM
• Michael T. Osterholm, Director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP)
• Shawn Lawrence Otto, screenwriter and CEO, Science Debate 2008
• Eugenie Scott, Executive Director, National Center for Science Education
• Alice Seagren, Commissioner, Minnesota Department of Education
• Susan Singer – Carlton College; Board on Science Education of the National Academies
• Manil Suri, Professor of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore and popular author
• Susan Wood, former FDA Director of Women’s Health and Research Professor, GWU
• Mary Woolley, President of Research!America,
and many more, along with a few very special surprises.
The Obama and McCain campaigns have been invited.